Re: Effective Flintlock kill range for deer ?
A flint lock is an ignition system. Just like centerfire, rimfire, percussion and matchlock. An ignition system has less to do with range, then the sights, rifling and projectile.
With a proper set up, sights, rifling and long bullet, a 45 caliber flint lock ignited gun could kill a deer at 500 yds. However, most flintlocks both production, and custom, are either rifled for roundballs, that simply don't carry energy well down range, or have sights for hunting, which do not permit fine aiming at a deer sized animal over 100 yds away. Heck at 200 yds, the factory front sight of a TC Hawken would obscure the deer completely.
Tim Murphy shot General Frasier off his horse at the Battle of Saratoga at a distance reported to be 430yds. (While perched up in a pine tree) it is also reported that it was his third or fourth shot.
For the average hunter with the average flintlock, 100 yds is about max for deer. But that also assumes, round ball rifling, standard factory sights, etc.